Given my pre-occupation with the thesis, which involves the formulation of a design theory for e-learning. It’s of little surprise that I have an interest in the theory, practice and e-learning. Came across the following quote this morning in checking some literature, and I like it – new quote for a thesis chapter.

Theory without practice leads to an empty idealism, and action without philosophical reflection leads to mindless activism. – Elias & Merriam, 1980, p. 4

Currently this quote speaks to me because I observe the practice of e-learning within universities being performed with zero philosophical reflection.

The quote is the lead in to an article that is talked about here and more recently here


Elias, J. L., & Merriam, S. (1980). Philosophical foundations of adult
education. Malabar, FL: Robert E. Krieger